In one application I’m working on I need to supply hydraulic pressure to the unit what placed at the height approx 100 ft. I decided to calculate the pressure losses created by the height only for the pump at the land HPU.
The height difference creates hydrostatic pressure (what is a pressure drop for the pump) what can be calculated from Pascal’s law:
The specific weight (the weight per unit volume of a material) of the mineral oil on Earth is approx.: (at environment temperature 40°C for oil with ISO Grade 46)
So, for 1 ft (for 12 in) of height we get pressure drop in PSI:
Therefore, for 100 ft the pressure drop is 37.2 psi = 2.57 bar only.
The calculations look very easy, but one problem I found in internet: many sources mix density and specific weight. For example, at The Engineering Toolbox you can find value of density of the water . But it is not right, because this value is a specific weigh of the water, not a density! The density of the water is:
It has to be clear: the density is mass per unit volume, this is constant at any places (on Earth, on Moon, on any height., etc.) and it is different from specific weight.